Mackey Farm in Hardin Co., Kentucky

Mackey Farm in Hardin Co., Kentucky

Hay and Grain Crops

In Kentucky, there are quite a few forage and grain crops that grow well.  Soy, wheat, and corn are important foods for humans and animals, and their by-products are used in many products we use every day.  Hay is an important forage for animals that uses more acreage than any other crop in Kentucky! A few minor grains like chia, sorghum, and oats round out the state’s versatile forage and grain production.

Glossary of Terms:

  • Crop rotation - The practice of growing different crops in the same area in a sequence that helps the plants grow strong.
  • Pollination - Moving pollen to different parts of the flower to help the flower reproduce. Bees and birds help pollinate plants.
  • Mill - A building where workers and machines grind grain into flour.
  • Miller - Someone who works in a mill.
  • Enrichment - Adding vitamins or minerals to food to make them even more healthy for humans to eat.
  • Irrigation - A process farmers use to get water to plants in the field.
  • Combine - A special piece of equipment that drives through corn fields and pick up the corn.
  • Cover crop - Vegetation planted specifically to “rest” a field, replenish soil nutrients, and prevent soil erosion and compaction. Cover crops are not consumed by humans, but may be planted in succession with food crops for humans or other animals.