Hay and Grain Crops

 
 Mackey Farm in Hardin Co., Kentucky

Mackey Farm in Hardin Co., Kentucky

 

In Kentucky, there are quite a few forage and grain crops that grow well.  Soy, wheat, and corn are important foods for humans and animals, and their by-products are used in many products we use every day.  Hay is an important forage for animals that uses more acreage than any other crop in Kentucky! A few minor grains like chia, sorghum, and oats round out the state’s versatile forage and grain production.

    Soybeans

    Corn

    Wheat

    Pasture & Hays


    Glossary of Terms:

    • Crop rotation - The practice of growing different crops in the same area in a sequence that helps the plants grow strong.
    • Pollination - Moving pollen to different parts of the flower to help the flower reproduce. Bees and birds help pollinate plants.
    • Mill - A building where workers and machines grind grain into flour.
    • Miller - Someone who works in a mill.
    • Enrichment - Adding vitamins or minerals to food to make them even more healthy for humans to eat.
    • Irrigation - A process farmers use to get water to plants in the field.
    • Combine - A special piece of equipment that drives through corn fields and pick up the corn.
    • Cover crop - Vegetation planted specifically to “rest” a field, replenish soil nutrients, and prevent soil erosion and compaction. Cover crops are not consumed by humans, but may be planted in succession with food crops for humans or other animals.

    Related Articles